The Paleolithic or Paleo diet, also known as the caveman, stone age or prehistoric diet, are the diets du jour.
The Paleo diet is based on Stone age living. A time when humans were simple hunters and gatherers.
Paleo people lived off the plants and animals that grew and ran wild.
The Paleolithic period lasted 2 million years. It only ended 10,000 years ago with the advent of farming.
Farming changed everything.
The human body adapted its metabolism from one driven by pre-farming foods to one dominated by processed, refined and corporately farmed foods.
It has bot been a positive adjustment.
Compared to hunter gatherers, modern meals are laden with fat and refined carbohydrate. This is quite unhealthy.
The library of phytonutrients embedded in the fibers of Stone age plants played a protective role in the health of cavemen. It also minimized the storage of fat.
According to Paleo proponents, many neolithic foods (grains, legumes and dairy) cause autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, Celiac's disease, allergies and other, less well-known, conditions.
Autoimmune diseases, as well as anti-inflammatory diseases, are the bodies overreaction to innocuous events, compounds and injuries.
It's the body's primeval need to limit damage and contain the damage.
To that end, the body directs a shutdown of the area or, in the case of auto-immune conditions, sends in molecular teams to destroy, what it perceives as foreign invaders.
The chemical by-ways that are followed in these reactions are very complex and are often dependent on the concentration or presence of metabolic factors.
The concentrations of these factors are influenced by the diet.
Some foods causes actual harm while others just push the body towards an inflammatory state.
Choosing the right diet based on body type is one way to counter the effects caused by the promoters of inflammation and autoimmunity.
Eicosanoids, are the chemical messengers of inflammation. Eicosanoids are a class of compounds that are derived from 20 carbon-long fatty acids.
Eicosanoids derived from omega 3 fatty acids repress inflammation while those made from omega 6 promote inflammation.
The ones that are produced is determined by the relative amounts of the two fatty acids. The higher the ratio of omega-6 to omega 3, the more the inflammatory eicosanoids are produced. The lower that ratio, the more inflammation is repressed.
Consuming fresh water fish is one way to repress inflammation. Omega 3 supplements are another
Autoimmunity is the failure of the body to recognize its own molecules as self. This leads to an immune response, which may result in lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Celiac's disease or multiple sclerosis.
Autoimmune inflammation adds another dimension to the immune response.
Paleo in a nutshell.
All pastas, breads, beans, rice. lentils, and corn, contain lectins and the highly glycemic carbohydrate, Amylopectin A.
The two can cause weight gain and autoimmune diseases in some people.
Therefore, removing foods high in pro-immune response lectins and Amylopectin A, will cause weight loss and produce a more tolerant digestive system in affected individuals.
this certainly makes more medicinal sense than immuno-suppresive and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Many people are turning to a gluten free diet.
Gluten is the protein molecule found in wheat, rye and barley.
Lectins are proteins that bind to carbohydrates.
Lectins are proteins that bind to carbohydrate and sugar molecules. Their stickiness makes them so dangerous.
Lectins are synthesized by plants and consumed by humans. They protected the plant from predators and those molecule maybe responsible for causing digestive distress.
Binding of lectins to human cells in the intestine causes many of the diseases sited by Paleo proponents.
When lectins bind to the intestinal lining they allow undigested proteins to enter the bloodsupply, which triggers an iimmune response against these unfamiliar invaders.
This initiates a systemic inflammatory response and a host of problems, including diabetes, obesity and heart disease.
High levels of plant lectins may be toxic and resemble food poisoning.
Symptoms of lectin food poisoning include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea mimicking the early symptoms associated with the aforementioned diseases.
This may also explain why people who have, what is called non-Celiac gluten sensitivity, feel better and have more energy when they follow a gluten-free diet. Paleo diets are gluten-free
It is postulated that lectins increase immune sensitivity, therefore promoting autoimmune conditions like painful joints, GI disharmony, even diabetes.
Lectins are sticky, glue-like proteins that have a protective function in plants. They are insecticidal and anti-fungal and may be harmful to humans.
The food containing the most lectins are grains, legumes and dairy products. For some, that make up a good part of many meals.
There are foods that are banned in the Paleo diet but promoted by vegetarians . No pasta, no rice. No corn, flour or brew. No lentils, soybeans or bread.
Quite a lot of wonderful foods can't be enjoyed in this diet but if Paleo foods repress the body's autoimmune response and inflammatory reactions than it is a joy worth missing.
Tomatoes are also a high lectin food yet it seems not be a such bad thing
In the body, lectin binds to carbohydrates that are part of the intestinal cell's membranes. This leads to dysfunction and increased permeability. This leads to an inflammatory and immunological response that are the hallmarks of the chronic diseases they are a part of.
Arthritis is inflammation in joints while rheumatoid arthritis is an immune response to the inflammation. When the body perceives something as 'foreign', it sets in motion a series of complicated reaction that end up damaging the area it winds up in. The chemistry is different from the inflammatory set of reactions.
A diet rich in omega 3 fats or one that is supplemented with them, minimizes the amount of inflammatory mediators produced by the body.
A diet low in lectins may repress the body's inflammatory mediators in much the same way.
The Paleolithic or Paleo diet, otherwise known as the caveman or prehistoric diet.
It is based on Stone Age living when hunter-gatherer lived off the wild plants and animals that grew during the Stone Age. The Paleolithic period lasted 2 million years and ended 10,000 years ago with the invention of farming.
Today’s version of the diet replaces the wild plants and animals the original hunter-gatherer ate with domesticated ones. Unfortunately, the omega-3 fatty acids, the colorful antioxidants and the lean meats the wild versions contained are lost in their replacements.
Nevertheless, the Paleolithic diet is based on foods that resembles those foods.
Instead of the healthy fats and phytochemicals of yesteryear, Paleo diet chooses foods from today's markets.
Where once foods were easily obtained and eaten without the aid of cooking and processing, today's meals demand attention.
Originaly these foods can only be washed, cut, cracked or peeled and when eaten produce no ill effects.
Once this has been established, the food can then be cooked and prepared by only the simplest means. This excludes diet all foods introduced in the last 10,000 years including grains, legumes and dairy products